Common Carp

The common carp is a fish native to Europe which has been introduced to every part of the world with the exception of northern Asia and the poles. The original common carp was that found in the inland delta of the Danube river about 2000 years ago, and was torpedo-shaped and golden-yellow in colour. It had two pairs of barbels and a mesh-like scale pattern.


Royal Carp

Royale Carp (to 40lb) so named as originally bred at the Royal Chateau in Fontainebleau, France (at the instruction of King Louise XIV), are quick growing with lumpy shoulders and quite a straight back with very large scales along the lateral line and two tone in colour.  Its scales tend to be very large and in the middle of the body along the lateral line. It is coloured in two tones. Some anglers consider it to be the best looking fish around. It has an exceptional growth rate of between 4 and 6 lb per year. Royale Carp range in size from 26 to 40 lb.


The zander is a common and popular game fish in Europe. It is often eaten, and it may reach 20 kilograms, although typical catches are considerably smaller. Their success in establishing themselves is owed to a number of factors, one of which is that they are particularly well adapted to life in the slow-flowing, sparsely vegetated, rather murky waters .Zander thrive in water with rather low visibility, unlike pike, which



Pike are found in sluggish streams and shallow, weedy places in lakes, as well as in cold, clear, rocky waters. Pike are typical ambush predators; they lie in wait for prey, holding perfectly still for long periods and then exhibit remarkable acceleration as they strike. . Pike is known to prefer water with less turbidity but that is probably related to their dependence on the presence of submersible vegetation and not to their being a sight hunter.  

Large Mouth Black Bass

All black bass are well-known as strong fighters, and are fished recreationally. Depending upon species and various other factors such as water quality and availability of food, black bass may be found in lakes, reservoirs, ponds, rivers, streams, creeks, even roadside ditches. Largemouth are known for their overall size and resistance when hooked, favoring short, powerful runs and escape to cover such as submerged logs or weed beds. Large mouth bass tend to go after top water and submerged baits with colors that closely resemble that of the bait-fish in their natural habitat. All bass are scent as well as visual predators so care should be taken to ensure no foreign scents, like tobacco, contaminate soft plastics.



They are usually found in gravel and rocky-bottomed slow-flowing waters with high dissolved oxygen content. A typical adult barbel will range from 25 to 100 cm in length and weigh anywhere between 200 g and 10 kg, although weights of 200 g are more common.  The name barbel derived from the Latin barba, meaning beard reference to the two pairs of barbs — a longer pair pointing forwards and slightly down positioned — on the side of the mouth.

Pumkinseed (Sunfish)

Sunfish are the fish that most young anglers catch while learning the sport of fishing. Pumpkinseed do not grow big, but they are nice to look at and they are very aggressive. They prefer slack water in ponds, lakes and some streams, usually hang out near the shorelines. They feed on insects, worms and tiny bait fish.
Pumpkinseeds prefer clear, non-flowing shallow water with some weed cover. This species prefers substrates of organic debris and solid flooded aquatic vegetation. They are typical fish of ponds and small lakes, preferring water temperatures of 39–72 °F (4–22 °C). They are active during the day and rest on the bottom at night. They eat a variety of insects, including mosquito larvae, along with small mollusks and crustaceans. They also feed on smaller fish, including smaller pumpkinseeds. In the shallow areas of which they are typical, the fish exploit the entire water column from the bottom to surface.

Rainbow Trout

Rainbows are considered fast water fish, preferring the swift runs and riffle areas of streams. They may live in small creeks, as well as suitable spots in large rivers, the tail waters of dams, and in lakes and reservoirs. As trout, rainbows live in cold, clean, well-oxygenated water. Their optimum water temperature is about 21º C  they can withstand warmer temperatures
 if there is plenty of oxygen and a cool, shady place to which they can retreat . 

Spanish Brown Trout

The Native  Brown Trout is being reduced by the rainbow trout and imported North American Brown trout.
  Brown trout like well-oxygenated streams with plenty of cover and pools, although trout also do well in food-rich  lakes and rivers.  Their preferred habitat includes areas of boulders, logs, root wads and overhead cover. Brown trout will feed in riffles containing rock as small as gravel. Brown trout feed near the bottom about 75 percent of the time. Brown trout are active both by day and by night and are opportunistic feeders.

Thick Lipped Grey Mullet

The torpedo shaped body of the thick-lipped mullet is covered with large scales. The thick-lipped mullet can grow to about 80 cm and attain a weight of around 6 kg.
It is commonly found in harbours, estuaries and other inshore water.
Feeds on vegetative matter, plankton, worms, copepods, small crustaceans and molluscs.
 A wide range of baits can be used for this mullet depending upon the locality.


Eels inhabit fresh water lakes and rivers, they can be found buried in the silt or lying close to the banks in reeds or old tree roots, emerging after dusk to feed. Many Eels live in the lower reaches of rivers and coastal estuaries. From there they will start the long journey to the Mid Atlantic Ocean to spawn. The Elvers then can take up to three years to reach their destination. The Eel is a long thin fish with the dorsal fin starting a third of the way down its body and also it has rounded pectoral fins. The Eel will eat almost anything from dead fish-Worms-Molluscs- Insect Larva- and any form of carrion that it may find.


It lives in great schools and feeds upon small molluscs, insects that fall in the water, insect larvae, worms, small shellfish and plant detritus. It is found in streams and lakes. The bleak prefers open waters and is found in large numbers where there is an inflow of food from pumping stations or behind weirs.
The bleak spawns near the shore in shallow waters. Some are found in deep water. The substrate is not important.The bleak is an important food source for predatory fish.


The tench is most often found in still waters with a clay or muddy substrate and abundant vegetation. This species is rare in clear waters across stony ground, and is absent altogether from fast-flowing streams. It tolerates water with a low oxygen concentration, even being found in waters where the carp cannot survive. Tench feed mostly at night on algae and benthic invertebrates of various kinds that they root up from the bottom. Breeding takes place in shallow water usually among aquatic plants where the sticky green eggs can be deposited. Spawning usually occurs in summer, and as many as three hundred thousand eggs may be produced. Growth is rapid, and fish may reach a weight of 0.11 kg (0.25 lb.) within the first year


The European perch (Perca fluviatilis) is a highly predatory species of perch found in Europe and Asia. . European perch are greenish with red pelvic, anal, and caudal fins. They have 5–9 dark vertical bars on their sides. European perch size can vary greatly between bodies of water. The perch can live for up to 22 years, and older perch are often much larger than average; the maximum recorded length is 60 cm  The perch spawns at the end of April or beginning of May, depositing it upon weeds, or the branches of trees or shrubs that have become immersed in the water; it does not come into condition again until July. The eggs have been known to stick to the legs of wading birds and then transferred to other waters that the birds visit.


Lives in fresh water but can survive in still waters and even in reservoirs provided they have upstream in the breeding season. No larger than 30 cm.  Males can live five years  and seven females. It feeds on plants and insects that jump out of water to catch them.  Introduced species such as catfish, kill madrillas population.


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